Lucca It is a jewel set in the upper part of Tuscany.
Just 25 km from Pisa and less than 80 km from Florence it is still one of the unknown destinations for mass tourism, but especially in summer (thanks to its proximity to the sea) is discovered and rediscovered by thousands of tourists who are fascinated by the mighty Walls from the 16th century that surround the ancient historical center.
5 things not to be missed in Lucca
1) The Walls of Lucca
As soon as you arrive from Lucca, whether you arrive by car, or by train or other means, the first thing that strikes you are surely the imposing walls.
These Walls are relatively recent (started in the 16th century and finished a century and a half later) and are in 2nd place in Europe as a length with their 4 km and 200 meters.
Inside the historic center surrounded by this wall there are remains of other more ancient walls (Romanesque and medieval).
All information on the walls can be found here.
Walking on the walls is an enchanting experience in any season, definitely not to be missed.
2) Torre Guinigi
What are holm oaks doing at 45 meters? It is a question that will be posed by many seeing Torre Guinigi, one of the many towers of Lucca that has a special feature of the trees on the top.
In the fourteenth century it seems there were more than 200 towers and bell towers inside Lucca and some of these have been preserved until today.
Torre Guinigi is one of the highest and one of those visited. From the top you can enjoy a magnificent view.
3) S. Martino Cathedral
In addition to the 200 towers, Lucca was famous for the 100 churches within its walls. The Cathedral of the city is dedicated to S. Martino and placed inside the square of the same name.
Do not miss the funeral monument to Ilaria del Carretto by Jacopo della Quercia and the Volto Santo (a wooden crucifix acheropita, that is not done by human hands).
Here you can find more information on the Cathedral of San Martino
4) Basilica S.Frediano
Less known than the Cathedral this beautiful Basilica worth a visit. Located in a square overlooking Via Fillungo, the beautiful Mosaic on the façade immediately catches the eye. Entering you will notice an imposing structure with 3 naves (that seem 5 because of the side chapels).
Worthy of note: the organ of 1498 still working, the baptismal font of the twelfth century and a wooden statue of which represents the Virgin Annunziata sculpted by Matteo Civitali.
Little known also there is one of the oldest testimonies of the Italian language: one of the first inscriptions in the vernacular of 1200 on the tomb of Guidiccioni in the Chapel of the Soccorso.
5) Piazza Anfiteatro
A few steps from the Basilica of San Frediano one of the most characteristic squares in Italy, built on an ancient Roman Amphitheater. The square, dotted with small local businesses, is often a venue for events and events.