Cathedral of San Martino
History Church of San Martino in Lucca
The Primitive Church of S. Martino dated back to the fifth or sixth century. The bishop Anselmo da Baggio, later become Pope Alexander II, he completely rebuilt it, consecrating it in 1070. Even in this second building only a few traces remain.
In its current appearance, the Duomo is the result of a long work of reconstruction that began at the end of the 12th century and ended in the second half of the 14th century, with the exception of a few minor extensions.
The oldest part is the facade: an inscription certifies that Guidetto from Como he finished building the upper part in 1204. From 1233 to 1257 he worked at the decoration of the atrium, while the apse it was built at the beginning of the next century.
In 1372 a general renewal of the interior was undertaken, which involved significant structural changes also on the sides, giving the Church its current form. The works were completed in the fifteenth century with the external decoration of the central nave and, inside, with that of the central nave Trifore of the matroneo.
The two chapels on the sides of the apse are later: on the right, the Chapel of the Sacrament it was built in the first half of the 16th century by Vincenzo Civitali; the other, the Chapel of the Sanctuary by Muzio Oddi from Urbino, a century later.
The long span of time in which it was built, and therefore the overlapping of the taste of very different ages, workers and personalities, have not however produced in the factory of Cathedral, especially outside, severe disharmony. Even in the strong chronological disparity there was between the various parts a sense of continuity, a spirit of harmonious adaptation that allowed the monumental work to succeed as a whole substantially homogeneous.
The facade of San Martino in Lucca.
The facade with the atrium is, as we have said, the only authentically Romanesque part, and it is also the most beautiful and interesting part. Up to this moment the Romanesque Lucca it had been markedly characterized by the linear purity of the architectural ensemble that was almost devoid of ornamentation (like the Church of S. Alessandro).
Here in the façade of San Martino, for the first time the influence exerted by the great novelty of the Pisan cathedral.
The example, however, is not passively accepted but relived and recreated through the taste of the Lombard workers, in forms of great originality and vivacity.
The Labyrinth of San Martino.
In the façade of the Church of San Martino there is a very well-known detail. The symbolic Labyrinth, which is also found in other Italian churches of the time, is engraved on the right semi-pillar, leaning against the bell tower.
Leggi anche questo articolo per approfondire questo mistero.
Masseria San Martino Lucca timetables
Preface Mass (Saturday and Christmas Eve) in San Martino: 19.00
Festive Mass (Mass of Sunday) in San Martino: 10.30 am
Instead you can look on this page all times for the Masses of Lucca.